Document
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018
OR
 
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission file number 001-35108
 
 SERVICESOURCE INTERNATIONAL, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in our charter)
Delaware
 
81-0578975
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
717 17th Street, 5th Floor
Denver, Colorado
 
80202
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(720) 889-8500
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x   No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
¨
Accelerated filer
x
Non-accelerated filer
¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
¨
 
 
Emerging growth company
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x
As of July 31, 201891,841,022 shares of common stock of ServiceSource International Inc. were outstanding.
 



Table of Contents

SERVICESOURCE INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Form 10-Q
INDEX
 
 
Page
No.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2

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ServiceSource International, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, expect per share amounts)
(unaudited)
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
184,320

 
$
51,389

Short-term investments

 
137,181

Accounts receivable, net
50,583

 
56,516

Prepaid expenses and other
6,081

 
6,112

Total current assets
240,984

 
251,198

 
 
 
 
Property and equipment, net
34,471

 
34,119

Contract acquisition costs
3,294

 

Deferred income taxes, net of current portion
68

 
70

Goodwill and intangible assets, net
6,334

 
6,419

Other assets
4,252

 
3,566

Total assets
$
289,403

 
$
295,372

 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
2,219

 
$
4,574

Accrued taxes
165

 
651

Accrued compensation and benefits
17,517

 
19,257

Convertible notes, net
149,091

 
144,167

Deferred revenue

 
1,282

Accrued expenses
6,433

 
6,625

Other current liabilities
4,696

 
2,104

Total current liabilities
180,121

 
178,660

 
 
 
 
Other long-term liabilities
5,903

 
4,603

Total liabilities
186,024

 
183,263

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 5)

 

 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 20,000 shares authorized and none issued and outstanding

 

Common stock; $0.0001 par value; 1,000,000 shares authorized; 91,822 shares issued and 91,701 shares outstanding as of June 30, 2018; 90,380 shares issued and 90,259 shares outstanding as of December 31, 2017
8


8

Treasury stock
(441
)
 
(441
)
Additional paid-in capital
366,125

 
359,347

Accumulated deficit
(263,037
)
 
(246,207
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
724

 
(598
)
Total stockholders’ equity
103,379

 
112,109

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
289,403

 
$
295,372

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

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ServiceSource International, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)
 
 For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
 For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net revenue
$
61,111

 
$
58,262

 
$
119,696

 
$
114,970

Cost of revenue
42,463

 
39,517

 
84,187

 
80,926

Gross profit
18,648

 
18,745

 
35,509

 
34,044

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and marketing
9,252

 
8,620

 
18,490

 
16,960

Research and development
1,780

 
1,243

 
3,296

 
3,485

General and administrative
13,157

 
13,505

 
26,046

 
27,486

Restructuring and other
156

 
5,715

 
209

 
5,715

Total operating expenses
24,345

 
29,083

 
48,041

 
53,646

Loss from operations
(5,697
)
 
(10,338
)
 
(12,532
)
 
(19,602
)
Interest expense and other, net
(2,776
)
 
(2,646
)
 
(5,622
)
 
(4,717
)
Impairment loss on investment securities

 

 
(1,958
)
 

Loss before income taxes
(8,473
)
 
(12,984
)
 
(20,112
)
 
(24,319
)
Provision for income tax expense
(414
)
 
(117
)
 
(427
)
 
(406
)
Net loss
$
(8,887
)
 
$
(13,101
)
 
$
(20,539
)
 
$
(24,725
)
Net loss per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
$
(0.10
)
 
$
(0.15
)
 
$
(0.23
)
 
$
(0.28
)
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
91,323

 
88,813

 
90,843

 
88,600

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

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ServiceSource International, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
 For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
 For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net loss
$
(8,887
)
 
$
(13,101
)
 
$
(20,539
)
 
$
(24,725
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

 

 
 
 
 
Available for sale securities:

 

 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain (loss) on short-term investments
5

 
32

 
(700
)
 
105

Reclassification adjustment for impairment loss included in net loss

 

 
1,958

 

Net change in available for sale securities
5

 
32

 
1,258

 
105

Foreign currency translation adjustments
(209
)
 
628

 
64

 
499

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
(204
)
 
660

 
1,322

 
604

Comprehensive loss, net of tax
$
(9,091
)
 
$
(12,441
)
 
$
(19,217
)
 
$
(24,121
)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

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ServiceSource International, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity
(in thousands)
 
Common Stock
 
Treasury Shares/Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Total
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Balance at December 31, 2017
90,380

 
$
8

 
(121
)
 
$
(441
)
 
$
359,347

 
$
(246,207
)
 
$
(598
)
 
$
112,109

Cumulative effect of ASC 606 - initial adoption (Note 2)

 

 

 

 

 
3,709

 

 
3,709

Adjusted balance at January 1, 2018
90,380

 
8

 
(121
)
 
(441
)
 
359,347

 
(242,498
)
 
(598
)
 
115,818

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options and employee stock purchase plan
151

 

 

 

 
447

 

 

 
447

Issuance of common stock, restricted stock units
1,291

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash paid for payroll taxes on restricted stock unit releases

 

 

 

 
(417
)
 

 

 
(417
)
Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 
6,748

 

 

 
6,748

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 
(20,539
)
 

 
(20,539
)
Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 
1,322

 
1,322

Balance at June 30, 2018
91,822

 
$
8

 
(121
)
 
$
(441
)
 
$
366,125

 
$
(263,037
)
 
$
724

 
$
103,379

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.


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ServiceSource International, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
Cash flows from operating activities
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(20,539
)
 
$
(24,725
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
9,744

 
10,801

Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs
 
4,923

 
4,557

Amortization of contract acquisition costs
 
930

 

Amortization of premium on short-term investments
 
(1,197
)
 
(114
)
Deferred income taxes
 

 
148

Stock-based compensation
 
6,538

 
6,912

Restructuring and other
 
482

 
2,901

Impairment loss on investment securities
 
1,958

 

Other
 
56

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 

 
 
Accounts receivable, net
 
5,593

 
12,239

Deferred revenue
 
174

 
(1,119
)
Prepaid expenses and other
 
(434
)
 
(37
)
Contract acquisition costs
 
(878
)
 

Accounts payable
 
(2,515
)
 
(825
)
Accrued taxes
 
(472
)
 
(664
)
Accrued compensation and benefits
 
(1,647
)
 
(5,164
)
Accrued expenses
 
(1,339
)
 
(1,508
)
Other liabilities
 
1,025

 
(364
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
2,402

 
3,038

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Acquisition of property and equipment
 
(7,268
)
 
(9,080
)
Purchases of short-term investments
 
(480
)
 
(37,806
)
Sales of short-term investments
 
133,920

 
33,457

Maturities of short-term investments
 
4,240

 
3,025

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
 
130,412

 
(10,404
)
Cash flows from financing activities
 


 
 
Repayment on capital lease obligations
 
(156
)
 
(34
)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
 
447

 
616

Payments related to minimum tax withholdings on restricted stock unit releases
 
(417
)
 
(322
)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
 
(126
)
 
260

Net increase/(decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
132,688

 
(7,106
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
243

 
(922
)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period
 
52,633

 
48,936

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period
 
$
185,564

 
$
40,908

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash activities:
 
 
 
 
Acquisition of property and equipment accrued in accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
$
389

 
$
65

Increase in contract acquisition costs and benefit to accumulated deficit related to adoption of ASC 606
 
$
3,346

 
$

Increase in prepaid expenses and other, other liabilities and benefit to accumulated deficit related to adoption of ASC 606
 
$
363

 
$

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

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ServiceSource International, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
Note 1 — The Company
ServiceSource International, Inc. is a global leader in outsourced, performance-based customer success and revenue growth solutions. Through our people, processes and technology, we grow and retain revenue on behalf of our clients — some of the world’s leading business-to-business companies — in more than 45 languages. Our solutions help our clients strengthen their customer relationships, drive improved customer adoption, expansion and retention and minimize churn. Our technology platform and best-practice business processes combined with our highly-trained, client-focused revenue delivery professionals and data from nearly 20 years of operating experience enable us to provide our clients greater value for our customer success services than attained by our clients' in-house customer success teams.
“ServiceSource,” “the Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our”, as used herein, refer to ServiceSource International, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise.
The Company’s pay-for-performance model allows its clients to pay for the services through either flat-rate or variable commissions based on the revenue generated by the Company on their behalf. Fixed-fee arrangements are typically used in quick deployments to address discrete target areas of our clients’ needs. The Company also earns revenue through its professional services teams, who assist clients with data optimization. The Company’s corporate headquarters is located in Denver, Colorado. The Company has additional U.S. offices in California and Tennessee, and international offices in Bulgaria, Ireland, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and the United Kingdom.

Note 2 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Interim Financial Information
The accompanying unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X for interim financial information. Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all the information required by GAAP for annual financial statements. The unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2017 has been derived from the Company’s audited annual Consolidated Financial Statements included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 2, 2018. In the opinion of management, these Consolidated Financial Statements reflect all adjustments, including normal recurring adjustments, management considers necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position, operating results, and cash flows for the interim periods presented. These Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with our audited Consolidated Financial Statements and the notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2017, included in our annual report on Form 10-K. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for the entire year.
Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited interim Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of ServiceSource International, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of Estimates
Preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

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New Accounting Standards Issued but not yet Adopted
Leases
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standard Board ("FASB") issued an Accounting Standard Update ("ASU") that modifies existing accounting standards for lease accounting. The new standard requires a lessee to record a lease asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating. This classification will determine whether lease expense is recognized based on an effective interest method or on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. Leases in which the Company is the lessee will generally be accounted for as operating leases and we will record a lease asset and a lease liability. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The standard requires a modified retrospective transition approach for all capital and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with an option to use certain transition relief. The Company will adopt this standard effective January 1, 2019, and is in the process of assessing the impact of this standard. 
Comprehensive Income
In February 2018, the FASB issued an ASU that allows a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The guidance should be applied either in the period of adoption or retrospectively to each period in which the effect of the change in the federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act is recognized. The adoption of this standard will not have a material impact on the Company.
New Accounting Standards Adopted
Restricted Cash
In November 2016, the FASB issued an ASU that requires companies to combine restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning and end of period total amounts on the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this standard effective January 1, 2018 and the effects of this standard were applied retrospectively to all prior periods presented within these Consolidated Financial Statements. As a result, we include restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning and end of period balances on our Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. For the year ended December 31, 2017 and for the six months ended June 30, 2018 the effect of the change in accounting principle was an increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash of $1.2 million, on our Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
Revenue Recognition
In May 2014, FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers" which amended the existing FASB Accounting Standards Codification Topic 605 (“ASC 605” or “legacy GAAP") and created Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606"). Under ASC 606, revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services and is recognized in amounts that reflect the consideration the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. ASC 606 also specifies the incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer and the costs of fulfilling a contract with a customer (if those costs are not within the scope of another Topic or Sub-Topic) should be deferred and recognized over the appropriate period of contract performance if they are expected to be recovered. In addition, ASC 606 requires disclosure of the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. The most significant impact to the Company's financial position and results of operations is the timing of expense recognition for certain sales commissions and to a lesser extent, the timing of revenue recognition for certain contracts that include certain performance-based fees. See Impact of Changes in Accounting Policies for additional information regarding the application of this new standard and its impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements.
The Company adopted this standard effective January 1, 2018 utilizing the modified retrospective approach, or the cumulative catch-up transition method and applied ASC 606 to all contracts not completed as of January 1, 2018. The initial adoption impact to the Company’s financial position was not material. Under the transition guidance, the Company recorded a $3.3 million contract acquisition asset and corresponding offset to the opening accumulated deficit balance related to previously expensed sales commissions. The $3.3 million asset will be expensed over the next four years as follows: $1.5 million in 2018, $0.9 million in 2019, $0.6 million in 2020, and $0.3 million in 2021. Additionally, the Company recorded a $0.4 million net contract asset and corresponding offset to the opening accumulated deficit balance related to previously unrecognized revenue under legacy GAAP which would have been recognized in periods prior to 2018 under ASC 606.

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New Accounting Policies upon Adoption of ASC 606
Revenue Recognition
The Company provides a comprehensive suite of selling and professional services to its clients. Selling services involves three categories of selling motions: recurring revenue management, customer success activities and inside sales efforts. Recurring revenue management includes hardware and software maintenance contract renewals, subscription renewals and extensions, asset and contract opportunity management, and sales enablement and quoting solutions. Customer success activities include onboarding, product adoption, health checks, account management and certain service support. Inside sales efforts include lead generation and conversion, cross-sell and upsell activities, technology refresh, warranty conversion, win-backs and recaptures, cloud migration, and client and asset management. Professional services involves providing data integration at scale with our systems and processes, combined with client data enhancement, enablement and optimization.
The Company derives all of its revenue from contracts with clients. Revenue is measured based on the consideration specified in a contract. The Company’s contracts generally contain two distinct performance obligations that are sold on a variable and/or fixed consideration basis. These two distinct performance obligations are identified as selling services and professional services. The length of a selling services contract is generally 2-3 years, while professional services performance obligations are generally fulfilled within 90 days. The Company generally invoices its clients for services on a monthly or quarterly basis with 30-day payment terms. The Company recognizes revenue when it satisfies the performance obligations identified in the contract, which is achieved through the transfer of control of the services to the client.
The Company accounts for individual services within a single contract separately if they are distinct. A service is distinct if it is separately identifiable from other services in the contract and if a client can benefit from the service on its own or with other resources that are readily available to the client. The total contract consideration, or transaction price, is allocated between the separate services identified in the contract based on their stand-alone selling price ("SSP"). SSP is determined based on a cost plus margin analysis for selling services and a standard hourly rate card for professional services. For professional services that are contractually priced differently from SSP, the Company estimates the SSP using a standard hourly rate card and allocates a portion of the total contract consideration to reflect professional services revenue at SSP.
The Company’s performance obligations are satisfied over time and revenue is recognized based on monthly or quarterly time increments and the variable volume of closed bookings during the period at the contractual commission rates for selling services, or proportional performance during the period at the SSP for professional services. Because the client simultaneously receives and consumes the benefit of the Company’s selling and professional services as provided, the time increment output method depicts the measure of progress in transferring control of the services to the client.
While multiple selling motions in a contract are performed at various times and patterns throughout the month or quarter and the number of closed bookings vary in any given period, each time increment of a service activity is substantially the same and has the same pattern of transfer to the client, and therefore, represents a series of distinct performance obligations that form a single performance obligation. As a result, the Company allocates all variable consideration in a contract to the selling services performance obligation in accordance with the variable consideration allocation exception provisions in ASC 606 (less amounts for which it is probable a significant reversal of revenue will occur when the uncertainties related to the variability are resolved) and applies a single measure of progress to record revenue in the period based on when the output of the variable number of closed bookings occurs or when the variable performance metric is achieved. The Company also applies the optional disclosure exemptions related to variable consideration and the requirement to disclose the remaining transaction price allocated to a wholly unsatisfied promise to transfer a distinct service that forms part of a single performance obligation.
Contract Acquisition Costs
To obtain contracts with clients, the Company pays its sales team commissions based in part on the estimated value of the contract. Because these sales commissions are incurred and paid upon contract execution and would not have been incurred or payable otherwise, they are considered incremental costs to acquire the contract; and if expected to be recoverable, are capitalized as contract acquisition costs in the period the contract is executed. Capitalized sales commissions are amortized to sales and marketing expense based on the pattern of transfer of services to which the asset relates over the estimated contract term, generally 2-3 years for a new client or 5 years for long-standing client relationships. The contract acquisition costs asset is evaluated for recoverability and impairment at each reporting period through the amortization period. The Company does not capitalize incremental acquisition costs for contracts if the amortization period of the asset is one year or less.
Significant Estimates and Judgments
Significant estimates and judgments for revenue recognition and contract acquisition cost capitalization include: identifying and determining distinct performance obligations in contracts with clients, determining the timing of the satisfaction of performance obligations, estimating the timing and amount of variable consideration in a contract and assessing whether it should be constrained in determining the total contract consideration, determining SSP for each performance obligations and the methodology to allocate the total contract consideration to the distinct performance obligations.

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Our revenue contracts often include promises to transfer services involving multiple selling motions to a client. Determining whether those services are considered distinct performance obligations and qualify as a series of distinct performance obligations that represent a single performance obligation requires significant judgment. Also, due to the continuous nature of providing services to our clients, judgment is required in determining when control of the services is transferred to the client.
A significant portion of our contracts is based on a pay-for-performance model that provides the Company with commissions and revenue based on a volume of closed bookings each time period and variable consideration if certain performance targets are achieved during a given period of time (such as exceeding quarterly closure rate thresholds or achieving absolute dollar volume sales targets). Significant judgment is required to determine if this type of variable consideration should be constrained, and to what extent, until the risk of a significant revenue reversal is not probable.
We also enter into contracts with multiple performance obligations that incorporate fixed consideration, pay-for-performance commissions and variable bonus commissions. Judgment is required to estimate the amount of variable consideration to include when estimating the total contract consideration and how to allocate the consideration if one of the distinct performance obligations is not sold at SSP.
Impact of Changes in Accounting Policies
The Company adopted ASC 606 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach by recognizing the cumulative effect of initially applying ASC 606 as an adjustment to the opening accumulated deficit balance as of January 1, 2018. As a result, the comparative information throughout these financial statements has not been adjusted and continues to be reported under legacy GAAP as disclosed in our 2017 annual report on Form 10-K. As described above, the Company changed its accounting policy for revenue recognition and certain sales commissions. The qualitative and the quantitative impact of adopting ASC 606 is presented below.
Selling Services
The Company historically recognized all performance based fees in the period when the specific performance criteria was achieved. Under ASC 606, in certain circumstances the Company estimates the variable fees for which it is probable that a significant reversal will not occur and recognizes these estimated variable fees over the estimated contract life. For certain contracts, this could result in the recognition of the performance-based fees sooner than under ASC 605.
Professional Services
Prior to the adoption of ASC 606, the Company recognized revenue from professional services at the best estimated selling price upon client acceptance at the end of the implementation or data integration event due to the short-term nature of the services, generally 90 days from the start of the services. Under ASC 606, the Company recognizes revenue at SSP over time as control of the service is transferred to the client, resulting in the recognition of professional services fees sooner than under ASC 605.
Sales Commissions
The Company previously recognized a portion of certain sales commissions as sales and marketing expense when it was earned by the employee upon obtaining and executing a contract. Under ASC 606, the Company capitalizes this portion of certain sales commissions as contract acquisition costs and amortizes the amount ratably over the contract term for new clients or the estimated life of the client for long-standing client relationships. As a result, sales and marketing expense is recognized later and over a longer period of time than under ASC 605.

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The following tables summarize the impacts of adopting ASC 606 on the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements:
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
As reported
 
ASC 606 adjustments
 
Balances without adoption of ASC 606
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
$
50,583

 
$
80

 
$
50,663

Prepaid expenses and other
6,081

 
(148
)
 
5,933

Contract acquisition costs
3,294

 
(3,294
)
 

Other assets
4,252

 
(85
)
 
4,167

Total assets
$
64,210

 
$
(3,447
)
 
$
60,763

 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred revenue
$

 
$
2,541

 
$
2,541

Other current liabilities
4,696

 
(2,392
)
 
2,304

Total liabilities
$
4,696

 
$
149

 
$
4,845

 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated deficit
$
(263,037
)
 
$
(3,596
)
 
$
(266,633
)

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 For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
As Reported
 
ASC 606 adjustments
 
Balances without adoption of ASC 606
Net revenue
$
61,111

 
$
222

 
$
61,333

Cost of revenue
42,463

 

 
42,463

Gross profit
18,648

 
222

 
18,870

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and marketing
9,252

 
(55
)
 
9,197

Research and development
1,780

 

 
1,780

General and administrative
13,157

 

 
13,157

Restructuring and other
156

 

 
156

Total operating expenses
24,345

 
(55
)
 
24,290

Loss from operations
(5,697
)
 
277

 
(5,420
)
Interest expense and other, net
(2,776
)
 

 
(2,776
)
Loss before income taxes
(8,473
)
 
277

 
(8,196
)
Provision for income tax expense
(414
)
 

 
(414
)
Net loss
$
(8,887
)
 
$
277

 
$
(8,610
)
Net loss per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
$
(0.10
)

$
0.01


$
(0.09
)
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:








Basic and diluted
91,323




91,323

 
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
As Reported
 
ASC 606 adjustments
 
Balances without adoption of ASC 606
Net revenue
$
119,696

 
$
61

 
$
119,757

Cost of revenue
84,187

 

 
84,187

Gross profit
35,509

 
61

 
35,570

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and marketing
18,490

 
(51
)
 
18,439

Research and development
3,296

 

 
3,296

General and administrative
26,046

 

 
26,046

Restructuring and other
209

 

 
209

Total operating expenses
48,041

 
(51
)
 
47,990

Loss from operations
(12,532
)
 
112

 
(12,420
)
Interest expense and other, net
(5,622
)
 

 
(5,622
)
Impairment loss on investment securities
(1,958
)
 

 
(1,958
)
Loss before income taxes
(20,112
)
 
112

 
(20,000
)
Provision for income tax expense
(427
)
 

 
(427
)
Net loss
$
(20,539
)
 
$
112

 
$
(20,427
)
Net loss per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
$
(0.23
)
 
$

 
$
(0.23
)
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
90,843

 

 
90,843



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Table of Contents

 
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
As Reported
 
ASC 606 adjustments
 
Balances without adoption of ASC 606
Cash flows from operating activities
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(20,539
)
 
$
112

 
$
(20,427
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 

 
 
Depreciation and amortization
9,744

 

 
9,744

Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs
4,923

 

 
4,923

Amortization of contract acquisition cost
930

 
(930
)
 

Amortization of premium on short-term investments
(1,197
)
 

 
(1,197
)
Stock-based compensation
6,538

 

 
6,538

Restructuring and other
482

 

 
482

Impairment loss on investment securities
1,958

 

 
1,958

Other
56

 

 
56

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 

 


Accounts receivable, net
5,593

 
(80
)
 
5,513

Deferred revenue
174

 
2,541

 
2,715

Contract acquisition costs
(878
)
 
878

 

Prepaid expenses and other
(434
)
 
(129
)
 
(563
)
Accounts payable
(2,515
)
 

 
(2,515
)
Accrued taxes
(472
)
 

 
(472
)
Accrued compensation and benefits
(1,647
)
 

 
(1,647
)
Accrued expenses
(1,339
)
 

 
(1,339
)
Other liabilities
1,025

 
(2,392
)
 
(1,367
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
2,402

 

 
2,402

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash provided by investing activities
130,412

 

 
130,412

Cash flows from financing activities
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash used in financing activities
(126
)
 

 
(126
)
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
132,688

 

 
132,688

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
243

 

 
243

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period
52,633

 

 
52,633

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period
$
185,564

 
$

 
$
185,564




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Table of Contents

Note 3 — Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Short-term Investments
Cash equivalents consist of highly liquid fixed-income investments with original maturities of three months or less at the time of purchase. Short-term investments consist of readily marketable debt securities with a remaining maturity of more than three months from time of purchase. The Company classifies its cash equivalents and short-term investments as “available for sale,” as these investments are free of trading restrictions and are available for use in the Company's daily operations. These marketable securities are carried at fair value, with the unrealized gains and losses, net of tax, reported as accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and included as a separate component of stockholders’ equity. Gains and losses are recognized when realized. Gains and losses are determined using the specific identification method. The Company recognized realized gains from the sale of available-for-sale securities of $28,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and losses from the sale of available-for-sale securities of $0.2 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018. The Company’s realized gains and losses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 were insignificant. Gains and losses on available-for-sale securities are recorded in "Other, net" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. There were no transfers between levels during the six months ended June 30, 2018.
The Company typically invests in highly-rated securities, and its investment policy generally limits the amount of credit exposure to any one issuer. The policy generally requires investments to be investment grade, with the primary objective of minimizing the potential risk of principal loss. Fair values were determined for each individual security in the investment portfolio. When evaluating an investment for other-than-temporary impairment, the Company reviews factors such as the length of time and extent to which fair value has been below its cost basis, the financial condition of the issuer and any changes thereto, changes in market interest rates and the Company’s intent to sell, or whether it is more-likely-than-not it will be required to sell the investment before recovery of the investment’s cost basis. The Company intends to sell its investment securities and determined an other-than-temporary impairment occurred as of March 31, 2018. Consequently, a $2.0 million impairment loss was recorded in our Consolidated Statement of Operations for the six months ended June 30, 2018, which represents the difference between the investment securities' amortized cost basis and fair value.

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Table of Contents

The following tables present the Company's cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments by significant investment category measured at fair value on a recurring basis (in thousands):
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018:
 
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Unrealized
Gains
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Estimated
Fair Value
Level 1(1):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
$
43,391

 
$

 
$

 
$
43,391

Money market mutual funds
199

 

 

 
199

Total cash and cash equivalents
43,590

 

 

 
43,590

Level 2(2):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents:

 

 

 

U.S. Treasury securities
104,794

 
6

 

 
104,800

Commercial paper
4,997

 

 

 
4,997

U.S. agency securities
30,932

 
1

 

 
30,933

Total cash equivalents
140,723

 
7

 

 
140,730

Cash and cash equivalents
$
184,313

 
$
7

 
$

 
$
184,320

For the Year Ended December 31, 2017:
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Unrealized
Gains
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Estimated
Fair Value
Level 1(1):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
$
48,712

 
$

 
$

 
$
48,712

Money market mutual funds
2,677

 

 

 
2,677

Total cash and cash equivalents
51,389

 

 

 
51,389

Level 2(2):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate bonds
55,763

 
1

 
(346
)
 
55,418

U.S. agency securities
34,640

 

 
(410
)
 
34,230

Asset-backed securities
21,739

 

 
(127
)
 
21,612

U.S. Treasury securities
26,292

 

 
(371
)
 
25,921

Total short-term investments:
138,434

 
1

 
(1,254
)
 
137,181

Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments
$
189,823

 
$
1

 
$
(1,254
)
 
$
188,570

(1) Level 1 valuations are based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
(2) Level 2 valuations are based on inputs that are observable, either directly or indirectly, other than quoted prices included within Level 1.
The following table summarizes the amortized cost and estimated fair value of money market mutual funds and cash equivalents based on stated maturities as of June 30, 2018 (in thousands): 
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Estimated
Fair Value
Less than 1 year
$
140,922

 
$
140,929

Total
$
140,922

 
$
140,929

The Company had restricted cash of $1.2 million in "Other assets" in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017. The restricted cash is classified within Level 1.

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Table of Contents

The convertible notes issued by the Company in August 2013 are included in the Consolidated Balance Sheets at their original issuance value, net of unamortized discount and issuance costs, and are not marked to market each period. The fair value of the convertible notes was approximately $148.1 million as of June 30, 2018 and $145.9 million as of December 31, 2017. The fair value of the convertible notes was determined using quoted market prices for similar securities and are considered Level 2 inputs due to limited trading activity.
The Company did not have any other financial instruments or debt measured at fair value as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.
Note 4 — Debt
Senior Convertible Notes
In August 2013, the Company issued senior convertible notes (the "Notes") in exchange for gross proceeds of $150.0 million. The Notes mature on August 1, 2018 and are recorded in current liabilities in "Convertible notes" in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. During July 2018, the Company paid in full the $150.0 million convertible note maturing August 1, 2018 using proceeds from its short-term investments and operations.
The Notes are governed by an indenture, dated August 13, 2013 (the "Indenture"), between the Company and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as trustee. The Notes bear interest at a rate of 1.50% per year payable semi-annually in arrears on February 1 and August 1, beginning February 1, 2014.
The Notes are convertible at an initial conversion rate of 61.6770 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of Notes, which represents an initial conversion price of approximately $16.21 per share of common stock, subject to anti-dilution adjustments upon certain specified events as defined in the Indenture. Upon conversion, the Notes will be settled in cash, shares of the Company’s common stock, or any combination thereof, at the Company’s option. The Notes were not subject to repurchase as of June 30, 2018. Holders of the Notes may convert their Notes at any time on or after February 1, 2018 until the close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately preceding the maturity date, regardless of the foregoing circumstances.
The net carrying amount of the liability component of the Notes consists of the following (in thousands):
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Principal amount
$
150,000

 
$
150,000

Unamortized debt discount
(832
)
 
(5,336
)
Unamortized debt issuance costs
(77
)
 
(497
)
Net carrying amount
$
149,091

 
$
144,167

The following table presents interest expense recognized related to the Notes (in thousands):
 
For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Contractual interest expense at 1.50% per annum
$
562

 
$
563

 
$
1,125

 
$
1,125

Amortization of debt issuance costs
214

 
197

 
420

 
388

Accretion of debt discount
2,289

 
2,119

 
4,504

 
4,169

Total
$
3,065

 
$
2,879

 
$
6,049

 
$
5,682

Revolving Line of Credit
During July 2018, the Company entered into a $40.0 million senior secured revolving line of credit (the “revolver”) that allows us to borrow against our domestic receivables as defined in the credit agreement.  The revolver matures July 2021 and bears interest at a variable rate equal to one-month LIBOR plus 2.00% per annum or, at our election, an alternate base rate plus a margin of between 0.50% to 1.00% per annum. The obligations under the credit agreement are secured by substantially all assets of the borrowers and certain of their subsidiaries, including pledges of equity in certain of the Company’s subsidiaries.


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Table of Contents

Note 5 — Commitments and Contingencies
Operating Leases
The Company leases its office space and certain equipment under non-cancelable operating lease agreements with various expiration dates through December 2023. Rent expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, was approximately $3.1 million, $2.6 million, $5.8 million and $5.5 million, respectively. Rent income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, was approximately $0.5 million and $0.6 million. The Company recognizes rent expense on a straight-line basis over the lease period and accrues for rent expense incurred but not paid.
San Francisco Sublease
In January 2018, the Company entered into a sublease with a third-party for our San Francisco office space for the remaining term of the operating lease. 
San Francisco Lease
In April 2018, the Company entered into a non-cancelable operating lease agreement for approximately 7,215 rentable square feet in San Francisco.
Future minimum lease payments under a non-cancelable operating leases and rental income under non-cancelable operating sublease as of June 30, 2018 were as follows (in thousands):
Fiscal Year
Operating Leases
 
Operating Subleases
Remainder of 2018
$
5,869

 
$
915

2019
10,049

 
1,875

2020
8,798

 
1,932

2021
8,275

 
1,989

2022
5,232

 
1,878

Thereafter
599

 

Total
$
38,822

 
$
8,589

Other Commitments
Future payments under non-cancelable service contract commitments as of June 30, 2018 were as follows (in thousands):
Fiscal Year
 
Remainder of 2018
$
2,735

2019
6,111

2020
4,578

2021
98

Total
$
13,522

Capital Leases
The Company has capital lease agreements collateralized by the underlying property and equipment that expire through 2021. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had capital leases totaling $2.5 million and $0.1 million, respectively, reflected in "Accrued expenses and Other long-term liabilities" in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The accumulated depreciation related to assets under capital lease as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was $0.6 million and $0.4 million, respectively.
During 2018, the Company entered into separate contracts to finance software licenses and IT equipment.
Future contractual payments under capital leases as of June 30, 2018 were as follows (in thousands):
Fiscal Year
 
Remainder of 2018
$
326

2019
874

2020
864

2021
393

Total
$
2,457


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Table of Contents

Letter of Credit
On February 3, 2015, the Company issued a $1.2 million letter of credit in connection with a lease for a San Francisco office facility. The letter of credit is secured by $1.2 million of cash in a money market account which is classified as restricted cash in "Other assets" in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Litigation
The Company is subject to various legal proceedings and claims arising in the ordinary course of our business, including the cases discussed below.  Although the results of litigation and claims cannot be predicted with certainty, the Company is currently not aware of any litigation or threats of litigation in which the final outcome could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, financial position or cash flows. Regardless of the outcome, litigation can have an adverse impact on the Company because of defense and settlement costs, diversion of management resources and other factors. The Company records a contingent liability when it is probable that a loss has been incurred and the amount is reasonably estimable in accordance with accounting for contingencies. As of June 30, 2018, the Company accrued a $1.5 million reserve relating to our potential liability for currently pending disputes, reflected in "Accrued expenses" in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
On August 23, 2016, the United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee granted conditional class certification in a lawsuit originally filed on September 21, 2015 by three former senior sales representatives. The lawsuit, Sarah Patton, et al v. ServiceSource Delaware, Inc., asserts a claim under the Fair Labor Standards Act alleging that certain sales account representatives and senior sales representatives in our Nashville location were not paid for all hours worked and were not properly paid for overtime hours worked.  The complaint also asserts claims under Tennessee state law for breach of contract and unjust enrichment; however, the plaintiffs have not yet filed a motion to certify the state law breach of contract and unjust enrichment claims as a class action. The Company will continue to vigorously defend itself against these claims.


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Table of Contents

Note 6 — Revenues, Contract Asset and Liability Balances and Contract Acquisition Costs
The following tables present the disaggregation of revenue from contracts with our clients as follows (in thousands):
Revenue by Performance Obligation
 
 For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
Professional services
$
692

 
$
2,699

Selling services
60,419

 
116,997

Total revenue
$
61,111

 
$
119,696

Revenue by Geography
 
 For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
APJ
$
9,255

 
$
16,849

EMEA
14,669

 
30,191

NALA
37,187

 
72,656

Total revenue
$
61,111

 
$
119,696

Revenue by Contract Pricing
 
 For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
Variable consideration
$
40,428

 
$
81,271

Fixed consideration
20,683

 
38,425

Total revenue
$
61,111

 
$
119,696


Contract Balances
Once the Company obtains a client contract, the timing of satisfying performance obligations and the receipt of client consideration can be different and will give rise to contract assets and contract liabilities. Contract assets relate to the Company’s conditional rights to consideration for services provided but not yet billable at the reporting date. Accounts receivable balances reflected in the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2018 represent the Company’s unconditional rights to consideration for services provided. Contract asset amounts are transferred to accounts receivables when the rights become unconditional, typically in the same period control of services is transferred to the client and the amount is contractually billable. Contract liabilities primarily relate to the advance consideration received from clients for fixed consideration contracts where transfer of control of the services has not yet occurred. Contract liability balances generally convert to revenue upon either the satisfaction of professional services obligations or when services under fixed consideration contracts are transferred to the client, typically within six months of being recorded. The contract asset and liability balances as of June 30, 2018 totaled $0.2 million and $2.2 million, respectively, and are not considered material for further disclosure. These contract balances are reflected in "Prepaid expenses and other", "Other current liabilities" and "Other assets" in the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2018.
Transaction Price Allocated to Remaining Performance Obligations
The Company applies the optional disclosure exemption related to variable consideration and the requirement to disclose the remaining transaction price allocated to a wholly unsatisfied promise to transfer a distinct service that forms part of a single performance obligation. However, for contracts structured with fixed consideration, this optional disclosure is not available. The Company typically invoices selling services fixed consideration in monthly or quarterly installments over the contract term, which is typically 12 months or less. Contracts with fixed consideration are generally with long-standing client relationships and typically renew annually. Assuming none of the Company’s current contracts with fixed consideration are renewed, we estimate receiving approximately $35.3 million in future selling services fixed consideration as of June 30, 2018. Professional services revenues from fixed consideration are based on proportional performance which is typically concluded within 90 days of contract execution. The Company typically bills professional services upfront upon obtaining a client contract. As of June 30, 2018, we estimate $0.4 million in professional services fixed consideration revenue to be recognized through the remainder of 2018.


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Table of Contents

Contract Acquisition Costs
Certain commissions paid to the Company's sales team upon obtaining a client contract are incremental and recoverable, and capitalized as contract acquisition costs. Under the transition guidance, the Company recorded a $3.3 million contract acquisition asset and corresponding offset to the opening accumulated deficit balance related to previously expensed sales commissions. The $3.3 million contract acquisition asset will be expensed over the next four years as follows: $1.5 million in 2018, $0.9 million in 2019, $0.6 million in 2020, and $0.3 million in 2021. The Company recorded $0.4 million and $0.8 million, respectively, of amortization for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 related to amounts capitalized upon the adoption of ASC 606.
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company capitalized an additional $0.5 million and $0.9 million, respectively, of sales commissions as contract acquisition costs related to contracts obtained during the period. The Company's impairment recognized on the contract costs was insignificant for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018. The weighted average remaining amortization period related to these capitalized costs was 2.3 years. Contract acquisition costs amortization is included in "Sales and marketing" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Applying the practical expedient for amortization periods one year or less, the Company recognizes any incremental costs of obtaining contracts as expense when the cost is incurred. These costs are included in "Sales and marketing" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Note 7 — Stockholders' Equity
2018 PSU Awards
During March 2018, the Company granted performance-based restricted stock unit awards under the Company’s 2011 Equity Incentive Plan to certain key executives (the “2018 PSU Awards”). For each 2018 PSU Award, a number of restricted stock units became eligible to vest based on the levels of achievement of the performance-based conditions, and those restricted stock units that became eligible to vest will vest 50% on the first anniversary of the grant date and 50% on the second anniversary of the grant date, except as otherwise provided under certain termination and change-in-control provisions in each award agreement. The aggregate target number of restricted stock units subject to the 2018 PSU Awards was 1.0 million, with an aggregate grant date fair value of $3.9 million.
The performance-based conditions are based upon the Company’s revenue and adjusted EBITDA performance in 2018 against the target goals for such metrics under the Company’s 2018 corporate incentive plan (in each case, “Performance Achievement”), which will each be determined on the date the Company files its annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. The target number of restricted stock units for each 2018 PSU Award will be divided equally between the two performance metrics. For each performance metric, the number of restricted stock units that become eligible to vest will be: (i) if the applicable Performance Achievement is less than 95.10% of the target revenue goal or less than 70.59% of the target EBITDA goal, no restricted stock units for such performance metric, (ii) if the applicable Performance Achievement is equal to 95.10% of the target revenue goal or 70.95% of the target EBITDA goal, 50% of the target number of restricted stock units for such performance metric, (iii) if the applicable Performance Achievement is equal to 100% of the target revenue and EBITDA goals, 100% of the target number of restricted stock units for such performance metric, or (iv) if the applicable Performance Achievement is at least 103.40% of the target revenue goal or 163.03% of the target EBITDA goal, 150% of the target number of restricted stock units for such performance metric. For each performance metric, if the applicable Performance Achievement falls between any of the thresholds (ii), (iii), and (iv) specified in the previous sentence, the number of restricted stock units that become eligible to vest for such performance metric will be determined via linear interpolation.

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Table of Contents

Stock-Based Compensation Expense
The following table presents stock-based compensation expense as allocated within the Company's Consolidated Statements of Operations (in thousands):
 
For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Cost of revenue
$
279

 
$
294

 
$
558

 
$
584

Sales and marketing
833

 
970

 
1,719

 
1,852

Research and development
58

 
(35
)
 
122

 
65

General and administrative
2,257

 
2,466

 
4,139

 
4,411

Total stock-based compensation
$
3,427

 
$
3,695

 
$
6,538

 
$
6,912


The above table does not include $0.1 million of capitalized stock-based compensation related to internal-use software for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $0.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

Stock Awards Issued to Employees
The following table presents total options outstanding, granted, exercised, expired or forfeited, as well as total options exercisable (shares and aggregate intrinsic value in thousands):
 
Shares
 
Weighted-Average Option Price Per Share
 
Weighted-Average Fair Value of Options Granted During the Year
 
Weighted-Average Remaining Contractual Life (Years)
 
Intrinsic Value
Issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2017
6,511

 
$
4.48

 
 
 
 
 
$
7

Granted
116

 
$
3.78

 
$
1.84

 
 
 
 
Options exercised
(31
)
 
$
3.21

 
 
 
 
 
$
32

Expired and/or Forfeited
(735
)
 
$
4.87

 
 
 
 
 
 
Issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2018
5,861

 
$
4.43

 
 
 
5.99
 
$
382

Options exercisable as of June 30, 2018
4,783

 
$
4.52

 
 
 
5.65
 
$
248

The following table summarizes additional information concerning our restricted stock units and performance stock units (shares in thousands):
 
Shares
 
Weighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value
Unvested as of December 31, 2017
5,027

 
$
3.98

Granted
3,200

 
$
3.92

Vested(1)
(1,401
)
 
$
3.67

Forfeited
(500
)
 
$
4.03

Unvested as of June 30, 2018
6,326

 
$
4.01

(1) 1,291 shares of common stock were issued for restricted stock units vested and the remaining 110 shares were withheld for taxes.
Potential shares of common stock that are not included in the determination of diluted net loss per share because they are anti-dilutive for the periods presented consist of stock options, unvested restricted stock and shares to be purchased under our Employee Stock Purchase Plan. The Company excluded from diluted earnings per share the weighted-average common share equivalents related to 5.1 million and 7.9 million shares for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and 5.7 million and 6.0 million shares for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, because their effect would have been anti-dilutive.


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Table of Contents

Note 8 — Income Taxes
The Company is subject to taxation in the U.S. and various state and foreign jurisdictions. Earnings from non-U.S. activities are subject to local country income tax. The Company computes its quarterly income tax provision by using a forecasted annual effective tax rate and adjusts for any discrete items arising during the quarter. The primary difference between the effective tax rate and the federal statutory tax rate relates to the valuation allowances on the Company’s net operating losses and foreign tax rate differences. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recorded income tax expense of $0.4 million. These amounts primarily consist of income and withholding taxes for foreign and state jurisdictions where the Company has profitable operations, as well as valuation allowance adjustments for certain U.S. tax jurisdictions. No tax benefit was provided for losses incurred in the U.S. and Singapore because those losses are offset by a full valuation allowance. The tax years 2010 through 2018 remain subject to examination by federal, state and foreign tax authorities.
The gross amount of the Company’s unrecognized tax benefits was $0.9 million as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, none of which, if recognized, would affect the Company’s effective tax rate.
FASB issued ASU 2018-05, Income Taxes (Topic 740): "Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118" to address the application of GAAP in situations when a registrant does not have the necessary information available, prepared, or analyzed (including computations) in reasonable detail to complete the accounting for certain income tax effects of the Tax Cut and Jobs Act (the "Act"). 
At June 30, 2018, the Company has not completed its accounting for all of the tax effects of the Act and has not made an adjustment to the provisional tax benefit recorded under SAB 118 at December 31, 2017. We have estimated our provision for income taxes in accordance with the Act and guidance available as of the date of this filing. Our estimated annual effective tax rate may be adjusted in subsequent interim periods, due to, among other things, additional analysis, changes in interpretations and assumptions we have made, and additional regulatory guidance that may be issued.

Note 9 — Restructuring and Other
In early May 2017, the Company announced a restructuring effort to better align its cost structure with current business and market conditions, including a headcount reduction and the reduction of office space in four locations. The restructuring plan is accounted for in accordance with ASC 420, Exit or Disposal Cost Obligations. The Company recognized restructuring and other charges of $0.2 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and $5.7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017.
Severance and other employee costs include severance payments, related employee benefits and employee-related legal fees. Lease and other contract termination costs include charges related to lease consolidation and abandonment of spaces no longer utilized and the cancellation of certain contracts with outside vendors. The Company does not expect to incur additional restructuring charges as of June 30, 2018. Future cash outlays related to restructuring activities are expected to total approximately $1.2 million. These amounts are reported in "Accounts payable, Accrued compensation and benefits and Accrued expenses" in our Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2018.
The following table presents restructuring and other reserve activity (in thousands):
 
Severance and Other Employee Costs
 
Lease and Other Contract Termination Costs
 
Total
Balance as of December 31, 2017
$
71

 
$
1,754

 
$
1,825

Restructuring and other charges
120

 
89

 
209

Cash paid
(98
)
 
(1,013
)
 
(1,111
)
Change in estimates and non-cash charges
(3
)
 
276

 
273

Balance as of June 30, 2018
$
90

 
$
1,106

 
$
1,196


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The following table presents costs incurred in connection with this restructuring plan recorded to restructuring and other costs (in thousands):
 
For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Severance pay and other employee costs
$
120

 
$
2,970

 
$
120

 
$
2,970

Lease
36

 
1,859

 
89

 
1,859

Asset impairment

 
886

 

 
886

Total
$
156

 
$
5,715

 
$
209

 
$
5,715







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Note 10 — Subsequent Events
GAAP requires an entity to disclose events that occur after the balance sheet date but before financial statements are issued or are available to be issued (“subsequent events”) as well as the date through which an entity has evaluated subsequent events. There are two types of subsequent events. The first type consists of events or transactions that provide additional evidence about conditions that existed at the date of the balance sheet, including the estimates inherent in the process of preparing financial statements (“recognized subsequent events”). The second type consists of events that provide evidence about conditions that did not exist at the date of the balance sheet but arose subsequent to that date (“nonrecognized subsequent events”). No significant recognized or nonrecognized subsequent events were noted other than those mentioned in “Note 4 - Debt.”


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) should be read in conjunction with our unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto which appear elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q.
This report, including this MD&A, includes estimates, projections, statements relating to our business plans, objectives, and expected operating results that are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Forward looking statements may appear throughout this report. These forward-looking statements are generally identified by the words “believe,” “project,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend,” “strategy,” “future,” “opportunity,” “plan,” “may,” “should,” “will,” “would,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result” and variations of such words or similar expressions. Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those identified elsewhere in this report and those discussed in the sections of our Annual Report on Form 10-K entitled “Special Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements and Industry Data” and “Risk Factors” and in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Furthermore, such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether because of new information, future events, or otherwise.

Overview
ServiceSource International, Inc. is a global leader in outsourced, performance-based customer success and revenue growth solutions. Through our people, processes and technology, we grow and retain revenue on behalf of our clients — some of the world’s leading business-to-business companies — in more than 45 languages. Our solutions help our clients strengthen their customer relationships, drive improved customer adoption, expansion and retention and minimize churn. Our technology platform and best-practice business processes combined with our highly-trained, client-focused revenue delivery professionals and data from nearly 20 years of operating experience enable us to provide our clients greater value for our customer success services than attained by our clients' in-house customer success teams.
“ServiceSource,” “the Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our”, as used herein, refer to ServiceSource International, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise.
Our CEO manages and allocates resources on a company-wide basis as a single segment that is focused on service offerings which integrate data, processes and software technologies.
Basis of Presentation
Net Revenue
Substantially all of our net revenue is attributable to commissions we earn from the sale of renewals of maintenance, support and subscription agreements on behalf of our clients. We generally invoice our clients for our selling services on a monthly basis for sales commissions and on a quarterly basis for certain performance sales commissions. We do not set the price, terms or scope of services in the service contracts with end customers and do not have any obligations related to the underlying service contracts between our clients and their end customers. We also generate revenues from selling professional services. Professional services involves providing data integration at scale with our systems and processes, combined with client data enhancement, enablement and optimization. We typically invoice our clients for professional services on a monthly basis.

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Historically, we earned revenue from the sale of subscriptions to our cloud-based applications. To date, subscription revenue is a small percentage of our total revenue. We terminated most of our subscription contracts and expect revenues generated from subscriptions to be insignificant in 2018.
We generate a significant portion of our revenue from a limited number of clients. Our top ten clients accounted for 68% of our net revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017.
The loss of revenue from any of our top clients for any reason, including the failure to renew our contracts, termination of some or all of our services, a change of relationship with any of our key clients or their acquisition, can cause a significant decrease in our revenue.
Our business is geographically diversified. Through the first six months of 2018, 61% of our net revenue was earned in North America and Latin America (“NALA”), 25% in Europe, Middle East and Africa (“EMEA”) and 14% in Asia Pacific Japan (“APJ”). Net revenue for a particular geography generally reflects commissions earned from sales of service contracts managed from our revenue delivery center in that geography. Predominantly all of the service contracts sold and managed by our revenue delivery centers relate to end customers located in the same geography. In addition, our Kuala Lumpur location is a revenue delivery center where we have centralized, for our worldwide operations, the key contract renewal processes that do not require regional expertise, such as client data management and quoting.
Cost of Revenue and Gross Profit
Our cost of revenue includes employee compensation, technology costs, including those related to the delivery of our cloud-based technologies, and allocated overhead costs. Employee compensation includes salary, bonus, benefits and stock-based compensation for our dedicated service sales teams. Our allocated overhead includes costs for facilities, information technology and depreciation, including amortization of internal-use software associated with our selling services revenue technology platform and cloud applications. Allocated costs for facilities consist of rent, maintenance and compensation of personnel in our facilities departments. Our allocated costs for information technology include costs associated with third-party data centers where we maintain our data servers, compensation of our information technology personnel and the cost of support and maintenance contracts associated with computer hardware and software. To the extent our client base or business with our existing client base expands, we may need to hire additional service sales personnel and invest in infrastructure to support such growth. Our cost of revenue may fluctuate significantly and increase or decrease on an absolute basis and as a percentage of revenue in the near term, including for the reasons discussed under, “Factors Affecting Our Performance-Implementation Cycle” in our 2017 annual report on Form 10-K.
Operating Expenses
Sales and Marketing
Sales and marketing expenses are a significant component of our operating costs and consist primarily of compensation expenses and sales commissions for our sales and marketing staff, amortization of contract acquisition costs, allocated expenses and marketing programs and events. We sell our solutions through our global sales organization, which is organized across three geographic regions: NALA, EMEA and APJ. Our commission plans generally provide multiple payments of commissions to our sales representatives based in part on the execution of a client contract and then on a percentage of revenue recorded during the first 18 to 21 months of the contract term. Commissions paid as a percentage of recorded revenue is contingent on the sales representatives' continued employment. We generally capitalize the amounts payable upon contract execution and amortize ratably to sales and marketing expense over the estimated contract term for new clients or estimated life of the client for long-stand client relationships. Revenue based commissions are expensed to sales and marketing expense each quarter as revenue is recorded.
Research and Development
Research and development expenses consist primarily of employee compensation expense, allocated costs and the cost of third-party service providers. We focus our research and development efforts on developing new products and applications related to our technology platform. We capitalize certain expenditures related to the development and enhancement of internal-use software related to our technology platform.
General and Administrative
General and administrative expenses consist primarily of employee compensation expense for our executive, human resources, finance and legal functions and related expenses for professional fees for accounting, tax and legal services, as well as allocated expenses, which consist of depreciation, amortization of internally developed software, facility and technology costs.

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Restructuring and Other
Restructuring and other expenses consist primarily of employees’ severance payments and related employee benefits, stock-based compensation related to the accelerated vesting of certain equity awards, related legal fees, asset impairment charges and charges related to leases and other contract termination costs.
Interest Expense, Other, Net and Impairment Loss on Investment Securities
Interest expense
Interest expense consists of interest expense associated with our convertible debt, imputed interest from capital lease payments, accretion of the debt discount and amortization of debt issuance costs. We recognize accretion of the debt discount and amortization of interest costs using the effective interest rate method. We expect our interest expense to generally decrease in 2018 due to the maturity of our $150.0 million convertible notes in August 2018.
Other, net
Other, net consists primarily of foreign exchange gains and losses and interest income earned on our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities. We expect Other, net to vary depending on the movement in foreign currency exchange rates and the related impact on our foreign exchange gains and losses and the return of interest income on our investments.
Impairment loss on investment securities
When evaluating debt security investments for impairment, we review factors such as the length of time and extent to which fair value has been below its cost basis, the financial condition of the issuer and any changes thereto, changes in market interest rates and our intent to sell, or whether it is more-likely-than-not we will be required to sell the investment before recovering the investment’s cost basis. We determined to liquidate the majority of our investment securities during the first half of 2018 to have sufficient cash on hand to repay our $150.0 million convertible notes due August 1, 2018. Based on our decision to sell these investment securities, we determined an other-than-temporary impairment occurred as of March 31, 2018. Consequently, a $2.0 million impairment loss was recorded in our Consolidated Statement of Operations for the six months ended June 30, 2018. The impairment loss represents the difference between the investment securities' amortized cost basis and fair value.
Provision for Income Tax Benefit (Expense)
We account for income taxes using an asset and liability method, which requires the recognition of taxes payable or refundable for the current year and deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences that currently exist between the tax basis and the financial reporting basis of our taxable subsidiaries’ assets and liabilities using the enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in operations in the period that includes the enactment date. The measurement of deferred tax assets is reduced, if necessary, by the amount of any tax benefits that, based on available evidence, are not expected to be realized.
We evaluate our ability to realize the tax benefits associated with deferred tax assets on a jurisdictional basis. This evaluation utilizes the framework contained in ASC 740, Income Taxes, wherein management analyzes all positive and negative evidence available at the balance sheet date to determine whether all or some portion of our deferred tax assets will not be realized. Under this guidance, a valuation allowance must be established for deferred tax assets when it is more-likely-than-not (a probability level of more than 50 percent) that they will not be realized. In assessing the realization of our deferred tax assets, we consider all available evidence, both positive and negative, and place significant emphasis on guidance contained in ASC 740, which states that “a cumulative loss in recent years is a significant piece of negative evidence that is difficult to overcome.”
We account for unrecognized tax benefits using a more-likely-than-not threshold for financial statement recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. We establish reserves for tax-related uncertainties based on estimates of whether, and the extent to which, additional taxes will be due. We record an income tax liability, if any, for the difference between the benefit recognized and measured and the tax position taken or expected to be taken on our tax returns. To the extent that the assessment of such tax positions change, the change in estimate is recorded in the period in which the determination is made. The reserves are adjusted in light of changing facts and circumstances, such as the outcome of a tax audit. The provision for income taxes includes the impact of reserve provisions and changes to reserves that are considered appropriate.

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Table of Contents

Results of Operations
The following table presents our operating results as a percentage of net revenue:
 
For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net revenue
100
 %
 
100
 %
 
100
 %
 
100
 %
Cost of revenue
69
 %
 
68
 %
 
70
 %
 
70
 %
Gross profit
31
 %
 
32
 %
 
30
 %
 
30
 %
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and marketing
15
 %
 
15
 %
 
15
 %
 
15
 %
Research and development
3
 %
 
2
 %
 
3
 %
 
3
 %
General and administrative
22
 %
 
23
 %
 
22
 %
 
24
 %
Restructuring and other
 %
 
10
 %
 
 %
 
5
 %
Total operating expenses
40
 %
 
50
 %
 
40
 %
 
47
 %
Loss from operations
(9
)%
 
(18
)%
 
(10
)%
 
(17
)%

For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2018 Compared to the Same Period Ended June 30, 2017
Net Revenue, Cost of Revenue and Gross Profit
 
 For the Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
Amount
 
% of Net Revenue
 
Amount
 
% of Net Revenue
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Net revenue
$
61,111

 
100
%
 
$
58,262

 
100
%
 
$
2,849

 
5
 %
Cost of revenue
42,463

 
69
%
 
39,517

 
68
%
 
2,946

 
7
 %
Gross profit
$
18,648

 
31
%
 
$
18,745

 
32
%
 
$
(97
)
 
(1
)%
Net revenue increased $2.8 million, or 5%, for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to the same period in 2017 due to an overall increase in productivity with our existing client base during the second quarter of 2018.
Cost of revenue increased $2.9 million, or 7%, for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to the same period in 2017, primarily due to the following:
$2.6 million increase in employee costs related to operational improvements in managed services, new clients and expansion of business with existing clients resulting in an increase in headcount to lower cost locations;
$0.6 million increase in IT costs; and
$0.2 million increase in travel costs due to the increase in new business with our existing client base; partially offset by
$0.4 million decrease in professional fees and consulting costs.
Gross profit decreased $0.1 million, or 1%, for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to the same period in 2017, due to the increase in employee headcount to support managed services, offset by increased productivity with our existing client base.







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Table of Contents

Operating Expenses
 
 For the Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
Amount
 
% of Net Revenue
 
Amount
 
% of Net Revenue
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and marketing
$
9,252

 
15
%
 
$
8,620

 
15
%
 
$
632

 
7
 %
Research and development
1,780

 
3
%
 
1,243

 
2
%
 
537

 
43
 %
General and administrative
13,157

 
22
%
 
13,505

 
23
%
 
(348
)
 
(3
)%
Restructuring and other
156

 
%
 
5,715

 
10
%
 
(5,559
)
 
(97
)%
Total operating expenses
$
24,345

 
40
%
 
$
29,083

 
50
%
 
$
(4,738
)
 
(16
)%
Stock-based compensation included in operating expenses:
 
 For the Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
Amount
 
Amount
 
$ Change
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
Sales and marketing
$
833

 
$
970

 
$
(137
)
Research and development
58

 
(35
)
 
93

General and administrative
2,257

 
2,466

 
(209
)
Total stock-based compensation
$
3,148

 
$
3,401

 
$
(253
)
Sales and Marketing
Sales and marketing expense increased $0.6 million, or 7%, for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to the same period in 2017, primarily due to the following:
$0.5 million increase in contract acquisition costs due to the adoption of ASC 606, see Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements “Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” for additional information; and
$0.2 million increase in employee related costs driven by increases in revenue performance; partially offset by
$0.1 million decrease in amortization of intangibles that were fully depreciated in 2017.
Research and Development
Research and development expense increased $0.5 million, or 43%, for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to the same period in 2017, primarily due to the following:
$0.4 million increase in employee related costs driven by lower capitalization of employee costs due to the migration from our Renew OnDemand platform to PRISM; and
$0.3 million increase in IT costs; partially offset by
$0.2 million decrease in facility costs primarily due to the restructuring of the Company in May 2017.
Internal-use software development capitalization decreased $0.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to the same period in 2017 primarily due to the migration from our Renew OnDemand platform to PRISM. We expect to continue to invest in our technology platforms to support our service offerings and thus capitalizing internal-use software costs in the future. However, the amount capitalized will depend on the future level of expenditures on our technology platforms.
General and Administrative
General and administrative expense decreased $0.3 million, or 3%, for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to the same period in 2017, primarily due to a $0.3 million decrease in employee costs resulting from our efforts to better align our cost structure.

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Table of Contents

Restructuring and Other
Restructuring and other expense decreased $5.6 million, or 97%, for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to the same period in 2017 due to the restructuring of the Company in May 2017.

Interest Expense, Other, Net and Impairment Loss on Investment Securities
 
 For the Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
Amount
 
% of Net Revenue
 
Amount
 
% of Net Revenue
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Interest expense
$
(3,106
)
 
(5
)%
 
$
(2,889
)
 
(5
)%
 
$
(217
)
 
8
%
Other, net
$
330

 
1
 %
 
$
243

 
 %
 
$
87

 
36
%
Interest expense increased $0.2 million, or 8%, for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to the same period in 2017, due to the accretion of debt discount related to the convertible notes issued in August 2013.
Other, net increased $0.1 million, or 36%, for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to the same period in 2017, primarily due to foreign currency fluctuations.
Income Tax Provision
 
 For the Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
Amount
 
% of Net Revenue
 
Amount
 
% of Net Revenue
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Provision for income tax expense
$
(414
)
 
(1
)%
 
$
(117
)
 
%
 
$
(297
)
 
*
* Not considered meaningful.
For the three months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recorded income tax expense of $0.4 million. The tax expense resulted primarily from profitable jurisdictions where no valuation allowance has been provided. Income tax expense increased $0.3 million, for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to the same period in 2017, due to an increase in profitable operations in certain U.S. and foreign jurisdictions.

For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 Compared to the Same Period Ended June 30, 2017
Net Revenue, Cost of Revenue and Gross Profit
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
Amount
 
% of Net Revenue
 
Amount
 
% of Net Revenue
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Net revenue
$
119,696

 
100
%
 
$
114,970

 
100
%
 
$
4,726

 
4
%
Cost of revenue
84,187

 
70
%
 
80,926

 
70
%
 
3,261

 
4
%
Gross profit
$
35,509

 
30
%
 
$
34,044

 
30